Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA is what make your eyes brown or blue and your hair curly or straight. DNA is found in chromosomes which are found in the nucleus of your cells. The shape of DNA is a double helix, which was discovered by Watson and Crick. A double helix looks like a twisted ladder.
A gene is a segment or small part of DNA. You can use genes to find codons, codons to find amino acids, and amino acids to find proteins. A codon makes an amino acid. A codon is always a sequence of there bases. Amino acids are strung together to make proteins. The ribosomes in the cell assemble the amino acid into the proteins.
A GMO also known as genetically modified object, is when you take the DNA out of one object and put it in a different object. An example of this process is the papaya. To make a GMO you have to follow four steps. The first step is decide if genetic engineering is the best way to solve the problem. For the papaya scientist thought that GMOs were the best option because, the farmers tried many ways to solve the ringspot virus but they all failed. Step two is identify the gene. For the papaya they used PRSV resistance. Step three is put the gene in the DNA of the organism. To do this they used a gene gun. Step four is test the new organism. For the papaya researchers planted the new papaya seed. After a lot of trials, it was conformed, that is process had worked.
There are some benefits and risks to GMOs. One of the benefits to GMOs is that they can prevent disease. In many foods such as corn, soybeans, cotton, papaya, potato, and more, there are cures to diseases using GMOs. Also, if you use GMOs, it can reduce sprays and use less fuel. One of the risks if that many people have died from GMOs. Although GMOs are tested, sometimes people can still die, and have an allergic reaction to them.
Original and Realistic GMO:
For my GMO, I decided that putting a strawberry gene in zucchini would make it taste better. To create my gene, you would use a gene gun to take out the taste gene in strawberries, then put it in the DNA of zucchini. After that, plant the new seeds and test it. Then zucchini should be able to taste like strawberries.
Different groups of people have different opinions on GMOs. Most farmers do not like GMOs. One farmer named Kirk Bair said, “I won’t eat my own crops.” Most scientist support the use of GMOs. They think that it can solve many diseases. Most consumers think that GMOs are less healthy than natural foods. They also feel that the USA should label GMO products.
I think that GMOs are not a very good idea. If you eat GMOs you have a risk of health issues and death. I think that when scientist test GMOs they should test more carefully. Also, the USA should label all foods that have GMOs in noticeable text. I feel safer eating natural foods.